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        The Public Relations Resource Centre

PRaxis was launched in 2003 as apublic relations and communicationresource and meeting space for academics, students, and industry practitioners. A key feature of thesite isPRism, which to the best of our knowledge is the world's firstfree-access, whollyonline, refereedpublic relationsand communicationjournal.

PRaxis was chosen as the name for this site to reflect the site's function as a central axis about which variouspublic relationsresources and discussions could revolve, and because the term praxis itself seems an important one to the future of public relations. The American Heritage Dictionary defines praxis as "Practical application or exercise of a branch of learning". In Marxist theory, praxis means the imperative to apply what you learn to changing what you observe; to put theory into action. One possible interpretation is therefore the sense that academics cannot operate in isolation from the industries they critique, but must strive to make their criticisms accessible and practical. And vice versa; practitioners should be open to receiving and applying scholarly critique about how they can be more ethical, efficient, or responsible, and to responding to academic output in order to help keep it relevant. PRaxis hopes to facilitate that interface.

If youknow a good 'praxis' quote, or have a suggestion about how 'praxis' is a useful or relevant concept for your work or studies in public relations, please feel free to email us.

"The aim of education is not knowledge but action." Herbert Spencer (1820 - 1903). Supplied by Bob Alagh, Massey University.

Praxis is "the action and reflection of people upon their world in order to transform it" (Friere 1972).

Praxis is "the act of reflectively constructing or reconstructing the social world" (Grundy 1987).

Praxis is reflective of a relationship between individuals and their wider community (Arendt 1958).

"What is fundamental to the concept of praxis is that it is the integration of reflection with action, or simply, it is action informed by theory, with a view to transformation of the larger social community. The nature of this interaction may be that theory transforms action, which may in turn reshape theory, and so on, in an holistic relationship. It is also essential to this concept that the individuals and/or community are empowered to decide on the changes best suited to their specific contexts, and are enabled to identify or develop the tools to effect such change." (Carroll, 2004)

"Praxis... is creative: it is other-seeking and dialogic." (Smith, 1999, para. 11). (Click here to see the rest of this excellent and informative article about praxis.)

You might also find some interesting stuff about praxis and the people who have thought and written about it on Wikipedia: see Praxis (word). (2006, May 17). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 01:57, May 22, 2006, from

We have a winner!!! The mystery is solved!! After more than 3 years and many incorrect or incomplete entries, Dr. Gregory Varhall has correctly answered our challenge, claimed first prize and will be receiving hispacket of Tim Tamsin the post.

The challenge was: to provide correct and fullcitation details for who actuallyfirstsaid: "Theory without practice is sterile; practice without theory is blind," and where? (A web search had it attributed to everyone from Marx to Lenin to Stalin to Einstein and other variants on the same themeto everyone and their dog!)

The winning entry: Congratulations to Greg Varhall who submittedthe following winning citation: "Practice without theory is blind. Theory without practice is sterile. Theory becomes a material force as soon as it is absorbed by the masses." (Marx, Contribution to the Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Law, Jan. 1844, MECW, Vol. 3, p. 182.) (We particularly like the bonus phrase about how theory becomes material.)

Runner up:Congratulations to Ian Morton who was first to correctly name who said it, andreceived a consolation packet of Tim Tams for his efforts.


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